Upper School Latin students, equipped with novice communicative skills and intermediate reading comprehension skills, develop an in-depth understanding of the rules of grammar. Reading, writing, oral and aural skills are further cultivated in order to provide for the student a means of connecting personally with the fundamental culture and literature of Western civilization. Ancient Greek and Latin represent the coding languages of western culture. As such, the ideas and aesthetics handed down in ancient texts are still alive in the art, philosophy, and rhetoric of modernity. Thus, major authors such as Caesar, Ovid, Plautus and Vergil are read and discussed in their contemporary context. Works from the genres of prose, poetry and drama are covered. Latin courses are available to the AP level, and students are prepared for the study of Classics at a college level. Upperclassmen who have demonstrated mastery in Latin have the option of taking an introductory course in Ancient Greek.