The objectives in Middle School mathematics are the maintenance, expansion, and refinement of arithmetic skills; the acquisition of a comprehensive mathematical vocabulary, including terminology and symbolism; an acquaintance with problem-solving techniques necessary for success in the study of algebra; and the enhancement of pattern recognition, number sense, and the recognition of relationships. An experiment-based, interdisciplinary math/science project is conducted during the year, leading to the Middle School Math/Science night when projects are exhibited to students, faculty and parents.
Fifth grade math begins with a review of whole numbers and operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division). Visual models and games are incorporated to enhance foundations, such as number sense and mathematical reasoning. Students will also explain the reasoning behind their problem solving process. Students will continue a similar process as we move on to fractions and decimals. Students will demonstrate and deepen these understandings throughout the year by way of tests, projects, and math lab activities. Materials will include Khan Academy (www.KhanAcademy.org), Singapore Math: Primary Mathematics Workbook 4A and 4B, and supplementary materials from Enriching Your Math Curriculum: Grade 5 by Lainie Schuster.
The mathematics vocabulary continues to expand, and terms dealing with symbols and notation are presented. Estimation skills as well as fraction, decimal, and percent skills are reviewed and expanded. Measurement systems, number theory, geometry, ratio, proportions, and exponents are also studied. Positive and negative numbers and algebra are introduced. Text: Prentice Hall, “Mathematics, Course 2”, and YourTeacher: Pre-Algebra for the Flipped Classroom / ibook.
Skills necessary for the understanding of algebra and more advanced arithmetic concepts are introduced. Work with rational numbers and variables leads to the use of algebraic expressions necessary for the solution of linear equations. Defining variables and building equations are applied to problem solving. The geometry unit revisits lines, angles and triangles and introduces perimeter, area, surface area, and volume. Some concepts of elementary statistics are introduced.
Form II: Algebra I
This is a first-year course in algebra covering the following topics: linear equations and inequalities of one and two variables, linear systems, polynomial operations and equations (including factoring), rational expressions and equations, and radical expressions. Aforementioned topics include applications to word problems. Students also complete a math/science project that incorporates elementary linear regression and measures of central tendency. Text: “Elementary Algebra” 3rd Edition, Pearson.