Mathematics

Philosophy

The objectives in Middle School mathematics are the maintenance, expansion, and refinement of arithmetic skills; the acquisition of a comprehensive mathematical vocabulary, including terminology and symbolism; an acquaintance with problem-solving techniques necessary for success in the study of algebra; and the enhancement of pattern recognition, number sense, and the recognition of relationships. An experiment-based, interdisciplinary math/science project is conducted during the year, leading to the Middle School Math/Science night when projects are exhibited to students, faculty and parents.

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Grade Five
Grade Five math begins with a review of whole numbers and operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division). Visual models and games are incorporated to enhance number sense and mathematical reasoning. Students will also explain the reasoning behind their problem-solving process. Boys work on fractions, decimals, and percentages. Tests, projects and math lab activities allow students to demonstrate and deepen their understanding of the subject.

Grade Six
In Grade Six, the mathematics vocabulary continues to expand, and terms dealing with symbols and notation are presented. Estimation skills as well as fraction, decimal, and percent skills are reviewed, consolidated and expanded. Measurement systems, number theory, geometry, ratio, proportions, and exponents are also studied. Boys are also introduced to the concepts of positive and negative numbers, and algebra.

Form I
Form I boys are introduced to the skills necessary for the understanding of algebra and more advanced arithmetic concepts. Work with rational numbers and variables leads to the use of algebraic expressions and an exploration of linear relationships. Boys’ skills in problem solving are expanded through more rigorous definition of variables and the construction and solution of equations. The geometry unit revisits lines, angles and triangles and introduces perimeter, area, surface area, and volume. Some concepts of elementary statistics are introduced.

Form II: Algebra I
This is a first-year course in algebra covering the following topics: linear equations and inequalities of one and two variables, linear systems, polynomial operations and equations (including factoring), rational expressions and equations, radical expressions, and quadratics. These skills are consistently applied to solving word problems. Students also complete a science project with a significant math component that incorporates elementary linear regression, as well as other statistical concepts.