World Languages

Philosophy

Grade Five students take either French or Spanish and continue that language through at least Form II. The program builds upon the Lower School program, and aims to introduce basic grammar, increase vocabulary and further expose students to the cultures of French and Spanish-speaking countries. What about emphasis is placed on fostering boys' comfort with speaking and listening to the target language, which is achieved through a deliberate program of language immersion.

Latin is required for all students in Forms I and II. Instruction relies heavily on Comprehensive Input techniques, using Latin as a spoken language, grammatical analysis, and the Reading Method, structuring course progression on the Cambridge Latin Series. Ancient classical cultures are explored through storytelling, reading, and discussion.

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LATIN

Form I: Introduction to Latin
Form I Latin has two main objectives. The first is to construct in each student an appreciation and enthusiasm for classical cultures and their heritage. The other is to provide students with an introduction to the fundamentals of Latin vocabulary, syntax, grammar and morphology through untargeted comprehensible input, which is intelligible discussion in the target language of compelling topics selected by the students themselves. Lessons follow the Cambridge Latin Series Unit One.

Form II: Latin I
Latin I aims to bring the student’s reading comprehension to a high intermediate level (according to the ACTFL scale), by deepening the student’s internalization of Latin grammar, syntax, and vocabulary. Students continue to develop their faculty for speaking, hearing, writing, and especially reading the language extensive reading of level-appropriate, comprehensible texts. Boys continue to study Rome’s history and cultural influence. The main text is Cambridge Latin Series Unit Two.

FRENCH

Grade Five: French
Grade Five French introduces boys to practical vocabulary and encourages them to develop basic conversational skills. The grammatical component emphasizes counting, telling the time and date, basic verb conjugations, the notions of gender and number as applied to nouns and adjectives, and interrogative words and expressions. Vocabulary and grammatical work is punctuated by units on the culture and history of French-speaking countries. This class meets three times a week.

Grade Six: French
Students study vocabulary related to the family, the classroom and leisure activities. The class covers the present tense, the near future, negative and interrogative expressions, adjective agreement, the possessive forms, and the definite and indefinite articles. Cultural units focus on daily life, and a major project on the art, history, literature or geography of a French-speaking country is completed. Reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills are all developed. This class meets three times a week. 

Form I: Elementary French
Elementary French begins with a review of this information and then moves to vocabulary related to food and drink, the home, city life, travel, leisure activities and the daily routine. The class covers negative and interrogative expressions, demonstrative adjectives, irregular present tense verbs, the imperative and the passé composé of regular and irregular verbs. Boys are encouraged to write and speak  in French as much as possible. Additionally, the boys further explore language and culture by reading the short novel  “La France en danger et les secrets de Picasso.”

Form II: French I
The course continues to introduce boys to the richness and culture of French-speaking countries through a representative sampling of various situations from daily life. Emphasis is placed on oral and writing skills. Comprehension of the fundamental structures of the language is the aim of this program. Object and relative pronouns are introduced, and the goal is for students to finish the year with a fluent command of the present, future and past tenses of regular and irregular verbs. In addition, special attention is given to basic French expressions and verbal idioms, with reference to their English counterparts. 

SPANISH

Grade Five: Spanish
Grade Five Spanish introduces students to practical vocabulary and encourages them to develop basic conversational skills. The grammatical component emphasizes counting, telling the time and date, basic verb conjugations, the notions of gender and number as applied to nouns and adjectives, and interrogative words and expressions. Vocabulary and grammatical work is punctuated by units on the culture and history of Spanish-speaking countries. This course meets three times a week. In addition, the boys furthers explore culture and values by reading a short novel.

Grade Six: Spanish
This course begins with a detailed review of greetings, numbers, date, time and weather. Students then move on to the study of vocabulary related to school, the home and the marketplace. The present indicative, negative and interrogative expression; possessive adjectives, and the gender and number of nouns, adjectives and articles are introduced. Boys are encouraged to speak and write in the target language and develop their listening skills through various listening comprehension exercises. This course meets three times a week. 

Form I: Elementary Spanish
The goal of this course is for students with prior knowledge of basic Spanish to develop their listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Students begin to expand their use of the language in a variety of contexts. They are encouraged to speak and write in the target language and develop their listening skills through various listening comprehension exercises. In terms of grammar, the class covers negative and interrogative expressions, possessive adjectives, ordinal numbers, the forms and uses of ser and estar, the present tense of stem changing, irregular, intransitive and reflexive verbs, the rules of the infinitive, and the past tense of regular verbs. Emphasis is also placed on the enrichment of vocabulary and on cultural awareness. Additionally, the boys further explore language and culture by reading the short novel Agentes Secretos y el Mural de Picasso.

Form II: Spanish I
Students are expected to master beginning Spanish grammar and simple oral and written expressions. The class focuses its efforts on the four basic skills: reading, writing, speaking and listening in Spanish. The first part of the course is a thorough review of previous grammatical topics. During the second part of the year, boys explore the uses of direct and indirect object pronouns, the preterite tense and the differences between this tense and the imperfect tense. Vocabulary enrichment and cultural awareness are emphasized through the study of Spanish speaking countries, famous people of Hispanic descent and several short stories.